Category Archives: Technology

Vertical Farming

The need of food to sustain the survival of a nation has turn humanity to innovate the way of propagating and growing our foods. Cultivating crops in urban locations using specific contrived skyscrapers is how Vertical Farming works. It is also known as Vertical Hydroponic System. It is widely used as a modern way of farming amongst country having problem in terms of lack in land, fertile fields for crops to grow and harsh environments.


Over the years, Vertical Farming has meliorated and as most people may not know that as early as 1950, it is already part of the farming industry. It started as a proposal discussed in Rem Koolhaas’s book; Delirious, published in the year 1909.In this proposition, predefines the idea of cultivating crops in an open air building.

Vertical Farming and Its Breakthrough
Vertical farming has inspired not only by farmers but also engineers and architects on helping building a multi-layers of vertical hydroponics structures that greatly improve the space utilization and also making its infrastructure a dainty and organized. In addition, it supports the development of the appearance and for the easy farming protocols.


Examples of Vertical Farming Products
In most vertical farms, they developed the multi-layers of vertical hydroponics system to maximize a facilities area in terms of the type of crops they are growing. Given an example of tomatoes are grown in a rows of vertically supported structure supporting its stems and its heavy weight as it bare fruits. Another example are lettuces, this vegetable is hydroponically grown in a layers of semi drawers which contains the vegetables and allowing then to harvest with ease. Other indoor farms like in Finger Lakes Fresh Greenhouse, traditional structures of filling the crops are the same.

Environment Control and Energy-Saving Technology
Farmers and agriculturist with the help of the modern technology has brought the way of farming to high efficiency and in terms of quality harvest and custom crops. Enabling these people to worry no more about the biohazards and the risks of their crops may have compared to those grown in the traditional way of farming. Minimizing or completely getting rid of the risk of having soilborne diseases, nematodes and weeds in crops are the benefits of vertical farming.

vertical farming

The use of Light Emitting Diodes (LED)also as an artificial source of light is widely used in vertical farming as part of the process of growing the crops. The advantage of using artificial light advances and increasing the rate of harvesting desirable quality and minimal defects due to the use of these lights, the results are as expected and minimizes too much risks and less exposure to sunlight.

Urban areas in reality have this awaiting shortage of farmlands in the coming years. Population will grow triple so as the need for foods. This vivid innovation of farming will give the mankind not just the chances of surviving but the broad strategies of making farming a dependable way of survival. Thus, vertical farming practically produces crops all year-round. It basically allows the expatiation of cities and at the same time will have constant self-sustaining food products for future needs.

Aerial and Maritime Navigation

Ever since man became curious about his surroundings so too did his imagination soar and while we were thousands of years away from learning how to fly, we first braved the seas and oceans. It was by instinct when they realized that they had to come up with a standard unit of measurements to determine the length, width, height and volume of certain objects as well as the distance that they had to travel in order to approximate the time it takes to travel from one spot to another. As we look through the history pages we find that our ancient counterparts were innovative and brilliant when they first constructed modes of transportation.


Ancient Egyptian Ship


It is now believed that boating was conceived since pre-historic times as far back as 45,000 years ago and that it was the Pacific Northwestern indigenous peoples that first developed a crude dugout canoes. However, systematic maritime navigation was not achieved until 5,000 years ago in the ancient Mauryan Empire in the Indus river in what is now known as the country of India. Meanwhile in Mesopotamia the ancient Sumerians, Egyptians, Kingdom of Punt, Babylonians, Persians and Pheonecians developed river boating for fishing and trade. Among the system of measurements that they had developed were:


Sumerian Measurements


Sumerian basic length units:

•    Grain which is approximately 0.0025 meter
•    Finger which is approximately 0.015 meter
•    Foot which is approximately 0.333 meter
•    Cubit which is approximately 0.497 meter
•    Step which is approximately 1.000 meter
•    Reed which is approximately 3.000 meters
•    Rod which is approximately 6.000 meters
•    Cord which is approximately 60.000 meters
•    Cable which is approximately 360 meters
•    League which is approximately 10,800 meters




Egyptian basic length units:

•    Royal cubit is roughly 52.5 centimeters
•    Standard cubit is roughly 45 centimeters
•    Remen is roughly 37.5 centimeters
•    Djeser is roughly 30 centimeters
•    Span (large) is roughly 25 centimeters
•    Span (small) is roughly 22.5 centimeters
•    Fist is roughly 10.75 centimeters
•    Hand is roughly 9.38 centimeters
•    Palm is roughly 7.5 centimeters
•    Finger is roughly 1.88 centimeters
•    Khet (rod) is roughly 52.5 meters
•    River measure is roughly 10.5 kilometers


Judging from their skills in formulating these basic length units, it can be said that they had a certain level of sophistication. Modern marine navigation uses various measuring equipment such as radar, sonar and global positioning system (GPS). This allows them to measure their ship’s cruising speed (which is in knots or the metric equivalent of 1 nautical mile), the depth of the water (which can be measured in feet, meters or yards), to determine their exact position on the globe and to determine their relative bearing (distance) from their point of origin and their destination.




Aerial navigation
According to modern history it was the Wright brothers who first braved the skies when they created an aeroplane that flew for about 6 minutes. From that time on aircraft development soared and the whole world used it for commercial passenger transport, research and aerial combat for the military. Initially all aircraft navigation adapted the metric (SI) system, but by the 1960’s there have been major changes in measuring length, distance and cruising speed for aerial navigation. All aircraft uses aviation electronics or avionics to effectively navigate their way through the skies but unlike ships and sea vessels they heavily rely on radar and visibility. Except for the cruising speed of an aircraft all other forms of measurement is done with the metric system. So a pilot may identify his cruising speed at 300 knots (which is literally 345.3 miles per hour) and report his relative bearing at 600 statute miles (basic mile) heading 123 degrees north by north-east. In simple terms it means that the aircraft is traveling at 345.3 miles per hour, 600 miles out from its destination (probably an airstrip or an airport) heading in a direction of north by north-east. Determining the current location of the plane, the speed that it travels and the direction it’s heading is very crucial for its estimated time of arrival (ETA), and the radars and computers in the aircraft’s avionics helps makes it possible. Meanwhile control towers on the ground, guides the aircraft to the runway in order to avoid unwanted mid-air collisions and accidents.

Newest Microsoft Product Dubbed as the “Windows 9.x” will be Officially Announced on September 30, 2014

It’s been 39 years – as of last April 4, 2014 – since Bill Gates started his company, Microsoft in Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.A. and today after more than 9 versions of the Windows OS (operating system); the company will once again reveal its latest version of it yet again! And it’s called “Windows 9.x” or “Windows 9 Beta.”

Featured Concept Windows 9

According to reliable sources, Microsoft will make the announcement about the Windows 9 this coming Tuesday, September 30th. But the company as of late would not say anymore and it seems they want to surprise the public and not spoil the press event.

Lucky for us fans, Alain Crozier, Microsoft’s President for France slipped some tidbits on the news about the Microsoft Windows 9 platform – perhaps unknowingly – boy wouldn’t Bill Gates be irked about this! TechCrunch and WPCentral were the first to pick up the news via their French assets, which confirmed that the translated transcripts of Crozier’s speech at a press event last Tuesday was, in fact, accurate.

Alain Crozier

As far as we know, everything that Microsoft teased for the September 30 event regarding their latest product or products is this “what’s next for Windows with information geared toward technical and enterprise customers.” Also most of the press thinks that this is not a major event, which is not enough to merit the attention of something close to unveiling the Windows 9 Beta.

However, the amount of information that has been leaked online including some Windows 9.x screenshot images and a Windows 9 video weeks prior to the September 30th press event, is very suggestive. It would seem that Microsoft will indeed launch its latest Windows platform in the form of the Windows 9. Speculations are now circulating around the internet and media outlets that the company will give the OS a fresh look and ditch the numbering system, but their own wild card, Crozier, has already mentioned that the new software will be called Windows 9.

Windows 9 Concept

In an attempt to keep the secrecy, Microsoft has been on a denial pilgrimage from here in the United States all the way up to France and the rest of the world. Giving out official statements saying that they don’t have a name for it yet or that it is unclear what kind of product or products they will release on Tuesday. Still, even I am now convinced that we’re going to see the Windows 9 OS sooner or later.

I do hope that they will make a lighter Windows 9 requirements in terms of hardware specs, I mean, if they’re really going for efficiency here, then that’s the best way to do it. Believe it or not, Wikipedia has already written a short citation about Windows 9 and you can Google search the term “Windows 9 wiki” to find it. And it may take months after the Windows 9 Beta launch before hackers could pirate this thing – yet again – I’m sure next year there’ll be a lot of torrent sites that will share free Windows 9 or download Windows 9 links to folks who just wants to get it for free.

Girl with laptop in her home.

But I would strongly advise against such things as you will not be able to get product support from Microsoft and worst, you would get arrested and fined for using pirated Microsoft products.