The need of food to sustain the survival of a nation has turn humanity to innovate the way of propagating and growing our foods. Cultivating crops in urban locations using specific contrived skyscrapers is how Vertical Farming works. It is also known as Vertical Hydroponic System. It is widely used as a modern way of farming amongst country having problem in terms of lack in land, fertile fields for crops to grow and harsh environments.
Over the years, Vertical Farming has meliorated and as most people may not know that as early as 1950, it is already part of the farming industry. It started as a proposal discussed in Rem Koolhaas’s book; Delirious, published in the year 1909.In this proposition, predefines the idea of cultivating crops in an open air building.
Vertical Farming and Its Breakthrough
Vertical farming has inspired not only by farmers but also engineers and architects on helping building a multi-layers of vertical hydroponics structures that greatly improve the space utilization and also making its infrastructure a dainty and organized. In addition, it supports the development of the appearance and for the easy farming protocols.
Examples of Vertical Farming Products
In most vertical farms, they developed the multi-layers of vertical hydroponics system to maximize a facilities area in terms of the type of crops they are growing. Given an example of tomatoes are grown in a rows of vertically supported structure supporting its stems and its heavy weight as it bare fruits. Another example are lettuces, this vegetable is hydroponically grown in a layers of semi drawers which contains the vegetables and allowing then to harvest with ease. Other indoor farms like in Finger Lakes Fresh Greenhouse, traditional structures of filling the crops are the same.
Environment Control and Energy-Saving Technology
Farmers and agriculturist with the help of the modern technology has brought the way of farming to high efficiency and in terms of quality harvest and custom crops. Enabling these people to worry no more about the biohazards and the risks of their crops may have compared to those grown in the traditional way of farming. Minimizing or completely getting rid of the risk of having soilborne diseases, nematodes and weeds in crops are the benefits of vertical farming.
The use of Light Emitting Diodes (LED)also as an artificial source of light is widely used in vertical farming as part of the process of growing the crops. The advantage of using artificial light advances and increasing the rate of harvesting desirable quality and minimal defects due to the use of these lights, the results are as expected and minimizes too much risks and less exposure to sunlight.
Urban areas in reality have this awaiting shortage of farmlands in the coming years. Population will grow triple so as the need for foods. This vivid innovation of farming will give the mankind not just the chances of surviving but the broad strategies of making farming a dependable way of survival. Thus, vertical farming practically produces crops all year-round. It basically allows the expatiation of cities and at the same time will have constant self-sustaining food products for future needs.